Comparative Analysis of the Laws of Georgia and the Republic of Kazakhstan on the State Language

Tamar Gvarishvili, Murman Gorgoshadze, Gvantsa Lomadze


The article uses a comparative-legal method to conduct an analysis of the Law on Languages of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Organic Law on the State Language of Georgia. The structure of these laws, their preambles, the constitutional status of the state languages, types of languages, the scope of use of the state languages, issues of their protection and development, responsibility for breaking the law and the issues of compulsory knowledge of the state language are compared in this article. By a comparative analysis of the aforementioned aspects not only the importance of languages, as of social mechanisms associated with the means of communication and the identity of people but also the threats that they encounter over time are indicated. The difficulties faced by state languages of both countries, how legislation solves challenges and how Georgia and Kazakhstan can share each other’s experiences in this field were studied.


state language, protection of state language, types of language, fields of use of state language, status of state language.

Full Text:



Constitution of Georgia. Last seen 28 April, 2018.

The Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Last seen28 April, 2018

Law of Georgia on Normative Acts.Last seen 28 April, 2018

Law of Georgia on State Language. Last seen 28 April, 2018

Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan On languages in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Last seen28 April, 2018

Ketevan Gigashvili, Language processes – change of language, death of language // Linguistic Researches, (in Georgian) 2011, #32, page 79-80

Murman Gorgoshadze, The Essence and the Place of the Preamble in the Structure of the Normative-legal Act, “Часопис Київського університету права”, 2018/2, page 346

Robert L. Cooper Language Planning and Social Change..Cambridge University Press, 1996. Page 100,last seen 19 April, 2018

Stewart, William A. "Sociolinguistic Typology of Multilingualism," in Readings in the Sociology of Language. Ed. Joshua Fishman. The Hague: Mouton Publishers, 1968.

Decree of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan of November 29, 2017 No. 790 on Approving the System of State Planning in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Last seen 28 April 2018.


  • There are currently no refbacks.